Types of High-Risk Pregnancies

High-Risk Pregnancy

When a woman becomes pregnant, there are certain steps she can take to help ensure a healthy pregnancy and prevent complications. She can exercise regularly, have a good, balanced diet, and refrain from drinking alcohol or smoking tobacco—all of these things are proven to help reduce chronic illness in a growing child. Unfortunately, some women can have high-risk pregnancies despite living an otherwise healthy lifestyle. The factors that cause a high-risk pregnancy can be present before a woman becomes pregnant or they can develop as the baby does, even if the mother was previously healthy. Read on to learn more about the types of high-risk pregnancies.

  • Pre-eclampsia , also known as pregnancy-induced hypertension , occurs when a woman’s blood pressure increases and large amounts of protein appear in her urine. This condition occurs in 5%-8% of pregnancies, typically during the second half of the gestation period.  The cause of pre-eclampsia is unknown. While most women who experience this condition deliver healthy babies, if severe pre-eclampsia is left untreated, it can be fatal to the mother and child.
  • Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes mellitus that occurs only when a woman is pregnant. Like the other forms of this disease, insulin resistance prevents the mother’s cells from taking up glucose. The extra glucose in the mother’s blood passes to the baby, which can cause problems for both mother and child.
  • Preterm labor occurs when the mother experiences signs of labor and the baby is not fully developed and may be unable to live outside the mother. There is no way to predict who will experience preterm labor, but there are certain factors that can put a woman more at risk.
  • HIV and AIDS damage a woman’s immune system, severely suppressing her ability to fight infection. A mother can transmit this virus to her baby during or after her pregnancy, but there are ways to prevent this from occurring. 

If you live in Nevada and are looking for high-quality care for you and your child, consider Sunrise Children’s Hospital. We provide a wide array of services to make your pregnancy and childbirth a peaceful and memorable experience. To learn more about having your baby at Sunrise Children’s Hospital, please contact us at (702) 731-5437.

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