The ear is a complex organ that allows us to comprehend a wide variety of different sounds. It is composed of three main sections: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The outer ear, known as the pinna or auricle, is responsible for picking up sound waves and focusing them into the ear canal. These waves then hit the eardrum, causing the bones in the middle ear to vibrate. These vibrations are transferred to the cochlea of the inner ear, where they are sensed by the hair cells and transmitted to the brain via nerve impulses.
Hearing loss in children can result from a dysfunction in one or more of these important hearing structures, or because of problems of nerve conduction within the brain. The three main types of hearing loss are as follows:
Conductive hearing impairment occurs as a result of problems with the middle or outer ear. In most cases, these hearing problems can be effectively resolved with medical treatment.
If the tiny hair cells within the cochlea of the inner ear become damaged or destroyed, sensory hearing loss can result. Depending on the severity of the condition, a child with sensory hearing loss may be able to hear some sounds, hear only in quiet environments, or hear nothing at all. Unfortunately, this type of hearing loss is typically permanent.
Neural hearing loss is caused by damage to the nervous tissue between the structures of the inner ear and the brain. Because the nervous impulses from the ear are obstructed or cannot be carried, the brain cannot comprehend sound.
Problems with hearing in children are most commonly caused by birth defects, with about three in every 1,000 children affected by a hearing impairment upon birth. Traumatic injuries, as well as infections such as meningitis, can also result in hearing loss. Although ear infections can also result in hearing loss, it is rare that hearing problems from these infections last for the long-term.
If you suspect that your child is having problems hearing, consider scheduling a consultation with one of the pediatric healthcare experts at Sunrise Children’s Hospital . Contact our Consult-A-Nurse physician referral line at (702) 731-5437 to find a doctor today.
Medical emergencies can happen to anyone, even to healthy adults and children. To approach these situations with calm and confidence, prepare yourself ahead of time by learning as much as you can about common childhood health emergencies and what to do when they occur. Below are some of the main reasons that you may consider visiting the emergency room to seek expert treatment for your child’s injury or illness.
- Difficulty breathing
Respiratory illness can have a variety of causes, including bacterial infection, viral infection, choking, or asthma. If your child is wheezing, coughing, or grunting, they may be struggling to get enough oxygen. Call 911 if you notice a respiratory rate of more than 60 breaths per minute, if your child is turning blue around the mouth, or if their condition is progressively worsening.
As children play and explore, it is possible that they may fall and break a bone.Most breaks can be safely evaluated and treated by a hospital or urgent care, but if the break causes a tear in the skin or results in trauma to the head, get to an emergency care center immediately.
Although minor cuts and scrapes can often be effectively treated at home, bleeding that will not stop with applied pressure should be treated by medical professionals as soon as possible.
- Sudden changes in mental status
If your child becomes suddenly confused or disoriented, you may consider seeking care at a nearby emergency room. Becoming abnormally sleepy and difficult to awaken can also be a sign of a medical emergency .
If you are ever in doubt about the state of your child’s health, contact your pediatrician as soon as possible. He or she will be able to provide advice regarding whether or not you should seek emergency care. To find a compassionate and experienced pediatrician in your area, contact Sunrise Children’s Hospital at (702) 731-5437.
- Difficulty breathing
Stroke is one of the leading causes of adult death and disability in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 795,000 Americans suffer from these deadly brain attacks every year. Although many people know the dangers of a stroke, few are aware that these events can also happen to young children. For this reason, it often takes parents a much longer time to recognize their child’s symptoms and get them emergency medical care . To improve your awareness of this dangerous pediatric medical event, read on for more information about the symptoms and causes of childhood stroke.
In adults, a stroke is often the result of chronic health conditions such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol. Adults who smoke cigarettes and drink too much alcohol are also at a higher risk. Children, on the other hand, often suffer from strokes due to trauma or certain birth defects. Infections such as meningitis and blood disorders such as sickle cell disease can also result in pediatric strokes.
Childhood stroke is relatively rare in the United States and affects about six in every 100,000 children every year. Although this condition is rare, it can lead to long-term disability affecting a child’s communicative and physical abilities. Some child survivors suffer from mental retardation, epilepsy, or cerebral palsy as a result of their stroke.
The symptoms of pediatric stroke are similar to those experienced by adults. The child will often complain of a sudden and severe headache, which may be accompanied by speech difficulties, numbness, or eye movement and vision problems. To help identify the warning signs of stroke and seek treatment as soon as possible, the National Stroke Association Recommends using the FAST acronym:
- “F” is for Face:
When asked to smile, does one side of the face droop?This can be a sign of a stroke.
- “A” is for Arms:
When asked to raise both arms, one may drift slowly downward.
- “S” is for Speech:
If the child cannot repeat or understand language, he or she may be having a stroke.
- “T” is for Time:
If you recognize the symptoms of a stroke in a child or an adult, every second counts in seeking care.
Sunrise Children’s Hospital specializes in the prompt, expert treatment of any injury or ailment that may affect your child. Contact our health line at (702) 731-5437 for more information about keeping your child safe and healthy.
- “F” is for Face:
Join the Teachers Health Trust for a free Diabetes Day hosted at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center. Learn more about how diabetes affects your heart, vision, circulation and health. Educational booths will feature experts on diabetes, stroke, hearts, osteoporosis, breast cancer and wound care. Plus screenings for blood pressure, bone density, blood glucose, vision and more.
Saturday, May 19, 2012
9 a.m. to Noon
Sunrise Hospital Auditorium
3186 S. Maryland Parkway
Las Vegas, NV 89109
The Sunrise Health System of Hospitals Awarded Re-certification as Primary Stroke Centers from The Joint Commission
This distinction recognizes hospitals for offering the best possible treatment for stroke patients …
Arthritis is a disease that causes pain and inflammation in the joints and can lead to problems with mobility and joint strength. Although many consider this disease as one that only affects adults, arthritis can also affect young children. In fact, 300,000 children aged 17 and younger may be affected by this condition. Learn more about juvenile arthritis and how it can affect young children and their families by watching this video.
At Sunrise Children’s Hospital , we are dedicated to the continued health of the children in our community. If you are looking for a team of specialized and compassionate healthcare professionals to care for your loved ones, consider contacting our Consult-A-Nurse health line at (702) 731-5437 to schedule a consultation with one of our physicians today.
In celebration of Mother’s Day, we’ve put together a list of quotes honoring mothers and motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society:
- To the world you might just be one person, but to your mother you are the world. –Author Unknown
- There is no velvet so soft as a mother’s lap, no rose as lovely as her smile, no path so flowery as that imprinted with her footsteps. –Archibald Thompson
- Mothers can look through a child’s eyes and see tomorrow.
Mothers deserve the credit for raising value-based leaders who accept responsibility; who possess physical, mental, and spiritual strength; who possess courage and confidence; and look with optimism to the future.
Great mothers help their children to recognize that they can achieve the impossible.
Great mothers bring the arms of comfort to an insecure child in a world of uncertainty. –Reed Markham, American Educator
- There is no way to be a perfect mother, and a million ways to be a good one. –Jill Churchill
Sunrise Hospital Offers Annual Skin Cancer Screenings in May …
“iNotify” lets residents quickly alert hospital staff of their arrival from their Smartphone …
Educational booths and screenings offered to the community…