A Look at Respiratory Conditions Common in Young Children

boy medical visit

Young children are highly susceptible to developing respiratory conditions. These can be mild, as with the case of the common cold, or severe enough to require emergency care, such as pneumonia. Respiratory conditions may be acute or they may be chronic, or long-lasting. At your local children’s hospital , a pediatrics specialist can advise you as to how to help your child feel better.


Croup most often affects children between the ages of three months and three years. It is characterized by the inflammation of the trachea, larynx, and bronchioles. The swelling disrupts the child’s ability to breathe properly, causing a “barking” cough. Other symptoms include hoarseness, fever, and poor appetite. This respiratory condition is caused by a viral infection, such as enterovirus, influenza, and adenovirus. A pediatrics specialist can recommend medications to ease symptoms. In severe cases, hospitalization may be called for. At the children’s hospital, a child may be treated with a breathing tube and intravenous fluids.


Asthma is among the most common reasons for childhood visits to the hospital. It is a chronic respiratory condition that involves the inflammation of the airways, making it difficult for children to breathe. Upon exposure to asthma triggers, children can suffer an asthma attack. An asthma attack involves symptoms such as chest tightness, wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing. A pediatrics specialist can work with parents to develop an effective management plan for children with asthma.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

RSV is particularly common among children under the age of two. In some cases, this respiratory condition involves mild symptoms. However, it can spread to the lower respiratory system, resulting in swelling of the bronchioles. This can cause more severe symptoms and may lead to a brief hospitalization.

As the largest children’s hospital in Nevada, Sunrise Children’s Hospital has the resources your family needs to address acute and chronic respiratory conditions in your child. Our pediatrics specialists can provide child-friendly emergency care and long-term management plans for chronic conditions. Families in the Las Vegas area can connect with our children’s hospital by calling (702) 731-5437 or visiting us online .

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