• Common Rashes and Skin Problems Seen in the Pediatric ER

    There are many skin disorders that can affect pediatric patients. The appearance of a rash on your child might be alarming, but the pediatric specialists at the emergency care department can quickly figure out the cause of the problem and recommend effective treatment options. If your family is in the Las Vegas area, you can rely on Sunrise Children’s Hospital to provide high-quality emergency care on a 24/7 basis.

    Diaper Rash
    If your baby has bright red skin on his or her bottom, diaper rash could be the culprit. Diaper rash can usually be treated at home, although new parents might consider bringing the baby to the pediatric ER if they have never seen diaper rash before. Additionally, a baby should be evaluated by a pediatrician if the rash doesn’t resolve after a few days, appears severe or atypical, is accompanied by a fever, or bleeds or oozes. To prevent and treat diaper rash, parents should change the baby’s diaper promptly when it becomes soiled and keep the baby’s skin clean and dry. Daily bathing and over-the-counter diaper rash products can be helpful, although a pediatrician may be consulted before using any products on the baby for the first time.

    Fifth Disease
    Fifth disease, also known as erythema infectiosum, is caused by a parvovirus . Usually, the illness first presents with a headache, fever, and runny nose. After a few days, the child may display a red rash on the face, which may be followed by a rash on the torso or limbs. Emergency medicine physicians can recommend treatments to improve the child’s comfort while the illness runs its course.

    Atopic Dermatitis
    Atopic dermatitis is a common type of eczema that often develops in infancy. It is generally indicated by red, dry, itchy patches of skin. The itching can be intense, possibly causing aggressive and frequent scratching. Excessive scratching can result in blisters and oozing, crusting sores. For children with eczema, pediatricians may prescribed medicated creams and recommend changes to the child’s skin care routine.

    Sunrise Children’s Hospital features the largest pediatric emergency care facility in the Las Vegas area. From newborns to teens, our emergency care team treats patients with all sorts of medical emergencies. If your child has a medical emergency, call 911 right away. A registered nurse at our children’s hospital can answer non-emergent inquiries at (702) 233-5437.

  • How to Stop Passing Stress and Anxiety to Your Children

    It’s easy to overlook the effects of parental stress on children, especially when parents are preoccupied with their own worries. But in fact, children do readily sense tension in the household and this affects them in multiple ways that harm their well-being and development. It’s important for parents in Las Vegas and beyond to take a deep breath and remind themselves to nurture positivity. At Sunrise Children’s Hospital, our Child Life Department works to minimize the stress of childhood illnesses and hospitalization.

    Prevent Media Overload
    Media overload is one of the most common sources of toxic stress for parents and children alike. Exercise caution about watching distressing news coverage on the TV when children are within earshot. Consider limiting the entire family’s usage of social media accounts. Parents might even consider designating one day per month as a day to “unplug” and enjoy simple activities together as a family.

    Listen Proactively
    To a parent, with all of the responsibilities of adulthood, a child’s anxieties might seem insignificant by comparison. However, children recognize that they have little control over the world around them and this can be a source of considerable stress. Although it may be tempting, try to avoid giving responses to children like, “There’s nothing to worry about. You’re just over-reacting.” Instead, encourage children to talk about their worries. Start the conversation with an observation, such as, “You seem to be upset after that argument that mommy and daddy had. Do you want to talk about it?”

    Model Positive Stress Management
    Kids of all ages are like mirrors; they reflect what they see from their parents. Show your children how to manage stressors positively. If the family is stuck in a traffic jam, refrain from getting frustrated with the delay. Instead, say something like, “This gives us some extra time to talk. What is everyone looking forward to when we get to our destination?”

    At Sunrise Children’s Hospital , we understand that medical problems can inflict stress and anxiety on families. Our Child Life specialists are available throughout our children’s hospital to help young patients and their families cope in positive ways. For general information about our children’s hospital in Las Vegas, call our Consult-A-nurse line at (702) 233-5437.

  • What Is the Impact of Lung Cancer on Children?

    Lung cancer is primarily triggered by toxins such as those found in cigarette smoke. Because of this, lung cancer is rare in pediatric patients. When a child is diagnosed with lung cancer at a children’s hospital, it is usually a secondary tumor of the lungs. This means that the cancer originated elsewhere and spread to the lungs. Primary lung tumors are quite rare, as you’ll learn when you watch this featured video presented by a pediatric pulmonologist at Sunrise Children’s Hospital in Las Vegas.

    Effects of the Disease
    Lung cancer is a complex disease that can affect pediatric patients in many ways. The direct effects of childhood cancer can be seen in the symptoms it causes. Bronchial tumors, which may be benign or malignant, can cause the following symptoms:

    • Coughing
    • Impaired breathing
    • Spitting up blood
    • Frequent respiratory infections

    Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare primary lung cancer known as soft tissue sarcoma. The signs and symptoms of PPB can vary based on the child’s age and whether he or she has Type I, II, or III PPB. Children under the age of two who have Type I PPB tend to display the symptoms of respiratory distress , including abnormal and difficult breathing. Children older than age two who have Types II or III PPB tend to experience general symptoms such as the following:

    • Fatigue/low energy
    • Loss of appetite
    • Fever
    • Cough
    • Difficult breathing

    Effects of Cancer Treatments
    At a children’s hospital that provides specialized cancer care, children are given the treatments that can help them survive their diagnosis. But often, cancer treatments can cause side effects. These side effects vary widely, depending on the specific treatment that is used. Before administering any cancer treatments, oncologists thoroughly explain the potential risks and benefits.

    Effects of Hospitalization
    Children’s hospitals try to make hospitalization a positive experience for children, but it’s to be expected that young cancer patients would experience anxieties related to their hospitalizations. A prolonged stay at a children’s hospital may lead to symptoms of stress, including sleep disturbances, bedwetting, and fearfulness. A children’s hospital may connect families to Child Life specialists who can help.

    Childhood cancer requires specialized care, which families will find at Sunrise Children’s Hospital in Las Vegas. Our Pediatric Oncology and Special Services offers a continuum of care to families, including Child Life services to help young patients cope with the emotional effects of a cancer diagnosis. Call our Consult-A-Nurse line at (702) 233-5437 to request a referral to a specialist at our children’s hospital.

  • When Should Kids Be Treated in the Hospital for Fever?

    Since a child’s immune system is still developing, periodic illnesses are to be expected. In most cases, a pediatric fever requires no special care. However, it’s always a good idea to check with a pediatrician before giving medicine to a young child. In some cases, a fever may need to be evaluated at a children’s hospital. If your child is in need of emergency care for a serious fever, the team at Sunrise Children’s Hospital is available around the clock.

    Considering the Possible Causes
    Fevers aren’t always caused by infections and other illnesses. In some cases, a child may develop a low-grade fever after receiving a vaccination or because the child is overdressed in warm clothes. If the child appears to be overdressed, changing his or her clothes to cooler selections may resolve the problem. However, any elevated temperature in a newborn should be evaluated by a pediatrician, even if it appears to be caused by being overdressed.

    Taking Your Child’s Temperature
    Pediatricians strongly recommend that parents keep a thermometer readily available in the home. Taking a temperature rectally is the most accurate method for children under three years of age. Older children can use an oral thermometer. If a child’s temperature is lower than 102 degrees Fahrenheit, he or she likely doesn’t require medical attention. The exception is if the child is three months or younger; these infants should receive emergency care for all fevers. If the child is older than three months, parents can call the pediatrician to ask if the child needs to be seen.

    Assessing Additional Symptoms
    In older children, it’s helpful to assess their other symptoms to determine how severe the illness is. If the child is still playing and eating normally, and appears alert, then the fever is likely not serious. If the child appears lethargic, has a stiff neck, appears dehydrated, or cannot keep down liquids, then he or she should receive emergency care.

    High-quality pediatric emergency care is just part of what we do here at Sunrise Children’s Hospital. Our compassionate medical providers in Las Vegas offer specialized care for high-risk pregnancies, surgery patients, and cancer patients. Call 911 without delay if your child needs emergency care; otherwise, you can direct non-emergent inquiries to a registered nurse at (702) 233-5437.