Several types of arthritis can affect children. These include juvenile rheumatoid arthritis , polyarticular arthritis and oligoarthritis, just to name a few. The specific symptoms a child may experience can vary, depending on which type of arthritis he or she has. It’s possible for a disease to cause symptoms that seem to be unrelated to the disease itself, so be sure to tell the pediatric specialist about all symptoms you’ve noticed. Here at Sunrise Children’s Hospital, our doctors and nurses emphasize the importance of involving the whole family in the child’s care.
Symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis
This is the most common type of juvenile arthritis. It’s defined as swelling that lasts at least six weeks , affecting one or more joints. The word “idiopathic” simply means that the cause is unknown.
The typical symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis are:
- Warm, swollen and tender joints
- Painful, stiff joints
- Inability to completely straighten or bend a joint
Symptoms of oligoarthritis
Children with oligoarthritis have fewer than five joints affected. Most often, kids will experience pain and swelling of the knee, wrist or ankle.
It’s also possible for oligoarthritis to cause uveitis, which is a type of eye inflammation. Uveitis may cause these symptoms:
- Eye pain
- Eye redness
- Sensitivity to light
- Blurry vision
- Decreased vision
Children should receive emergency care if they suffer from eye pain or decreased vision. If left untreated, it’s possible for uveitis to lead to permanent vision complications.
Symptoms of polyarticular arthritis
Like oligoarthritis, polyarticular arthritis is a subtype of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Children with this type have five or more joints affected. Joints on both sides of the body may be affected, and both large and small joints can become painful.
The joints of the jaw, neck, knees, hips, ankles, hands or feet may become painful, swollen and stiff. Children with polyarticular arthritis may also experience excessive fatigue, low fever and poor appetite.
The pediatric specialists at Sunrise Children’s Hospital are committed to healthcare excellence. Our hospital in Las Vegas is known for our family-centered approach, compassionate providers and exceptional family support services. You can request a referral to a pediatric specialist by calling our children’s hospital at (702) 233-5437.