Several types of arthritis can affect children. These include juvenile rheumatoid arthritis , polyarticular arthritis and oligoarthritis, just to name a few. The specific symptoms a child may experience can vary, depending on which type of arthritis he or she has. It’s possible for a disease to cause symptoms that seem to be unrelated to the disease itself, so be sure to tell the pediatric specialist about all symptoms you’ve noticed. Here at Sunrise Children’s Hospital, our doctors and nurses emphasize the importance of involving the whole family in the child’s care.
Symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis
This is the most common type of juvenile arthritis. It’s defined as swelling that lasts at least six weeks , affecting one or more joints. The word “idiopathic” simply means that the cause is unknown.
The typical symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis are:
- Warm, swollen and tender joints
- Painful, stiff joints
- Inability to completely straighten or bend a joint
Symptoms of oligoarthritis
Children with oligoarthritis have fewer than five joints affected. Most often, kids will experience pain and swelling of the knee, wrist or ankle.
It’s also possible for oligoarthritis to cause uveitis, which is a type of eye inflammation. Uveitis may cause these symptoms:
- Eye pain
- Eye redness
- Sensitivity to light
- Blurry vision
- Decreased vision
Children should receive emergency care if they suffer from eye pain or decreased vision. If left untreated, it’s possible for uveitis to lead to permanent vision complications.
Symptoms of polyarticular arthritis
Like oligoarthritis, polyarticular arthritis is a subtype of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Children with this type have five or more joints affected. Joints on both sides of the body may be affected, and both large and small joints can become painful.
The joints of the jaw, neck, knees, hips, ankles, hands or feet may become painful, swollen and stiff. Children with polyarticular arthritis may also experience excessive fatigue, low fever and poor appetite.
The pediatric specialists at Sunrise Children’s Hospital are committed to healthcare excellence. Our hospital in Las Vegas is known for our family-centered approach, compassionate providers and exceptional family support services. You can request a referral to a pediatric specialist by calling our children’s hospital at (702) 233-5437.
Youth sports can bring communities together. They teach kids about teamwork, good sportsmanship and resiliency, and they promote physical health. But there’s always a potential for injuries to occur, including serious injuries like concussions . Parents are encouraged to consult a pediatrician at Sunrise Children’s Hospital about the specific safety concerns associated with their children’s chosen sports. And although we sincerely hope you’ll never need it, our children’s emergency care is available 24/7 in Las Vegas.
Balancing activity with rest
Physical activity helps reduce the risk of chronic diseases later in life, in part by promoting healthy weight management. But it’s true that there can be too much of a good thing. Kids also need to rest and allow their bodies to recover after a training session or game.
You can consult the pediatrician if you’re concerned that your child might not be getting enough rest between high-intensity games. Your child’s doctor can help you strike the right balance between rest and activity.
Using appropriate protective gear
Most sports call for protective gear . Your pediatrician can provide guidance specific to your child’s chosen sport. Some common examples of protective gear in sports are:
- Safety pads and guards
- Mouth guards
- Athletic shoes
- Sports goggles
- Face masks
Some kids may need extra equipment if they’ve previously had a sports injury. When you watch the accompanying video, you’ll hear a doctor at Sunrise Children’s Hospital explain when it’s a good idea for kids to wear a brace during sports activity.
Identifying injuries promptly
Children should never try to keep playing or training after suffering an injury, even if their NFL heroes do it. Parents, coaches and student athletes can take a collaborative and cooperative approach toward quickly identifying and treating pediatric sports injuries.
Talk to your child about the importance of notifying the coach when an injury has occurred. Explain that injuries can get worse if they aren’t treated promptly, and especially if the child continues to play.
If your child requires emergency care , please call 911 now. Otherwise, you can direct general healthcare questions to a registered nurse at (702) 233-5437. Sunrise Children’s Hospital brings together leading pediatric specialists, all of whom genuinely care about each young patient’s health and quality of life.